What is the Nature-based Solutions Initiative
Who are we?
Founded in 2017, the Nature-based Solutions Initiative is an international and interdisciplinary team of natural and social scientists, seeking to apply impactful research to shape policy and practice on nature-based solutions through research, teaching and engagement with policymakers and practitioners.
We are based in the Department of Biology but we collaborate with economists, engineers, governance and finance experts from across the University of Oxford and beyond. We also work in partnership with international and local NGOs from the conservation and development sectors, businesses and governments.
What are Nature-based Solutions?
Nature-based solutions involve working with nature, as part of nature, to address societal challenges, supporting human well-being and biodiversity locally. They include the protection, restoration or management of natural and semi-natural ecosystems; the sustainable management of aquatic systems and working lands; and integration of nature in and around our cities. They are actions that are underpinned biodiversity and designed and implemented in a way that respects the rights, values and knowledges of local communities and Indigenous Peoples.
Want to learn more?
If you would like to learn more about the role of NbS in climate change adaptation and mitigation, please read some of our recent publications. We also recommend you read about the IUCN Global Standard for Nature-based Solutions. Please also watch our animation on YouTube.
Examples of Nature-based Solutions
Restoring and protecting forests and wetlands in catchments
Protecting or restoring forests and wetlands (e.g. peatlands) in catchments can secure and regulate water supplies, support production of forest products, and protect communities and infrastructure from floods, soil erosion and landslides.
Bringing nature into cities
Creating green roofs and walls and planting trees in cities can moderate the impacts of heatwaves, capture storm water and abate pollution. Such measures also have positive outcomes for mental and physical health.
Coastal habitat restoration
Protecting or restoring coastal ecosystems (mangroves, reefs and salt marshes) protects communities and infrastructure from storm surges and erosion. Coastal habitats, especially mangroves, are particularly good at sequestering carbon, so restoration also contributes to climate change mitigation.